Principal Funder: University of California Pacific Rim Research Project
Project personnel: Anne Gilliland, UCLA, PI; Sue McKemmish, Monash University, PI; Zhang Bin, Renmin University of China, co-PI. Graduate student assistants: Yang Lu and Kelvin White
The Pluralizing the Archival Paradigm: A Needs Assessment for Archival Education in Pacific Rim Communities, (PacRim) Project, 2005-2007, comprised a series of planning research and development activities to promote the development of culturally and politically sensitive education of qualified archival professionals in Pacific Rim communities, especially those which have no local archival education infrastructure; and to incorporate the interests, needs and cultural beliefs and practices of diverse communities into existing, predominantly Eurocentric educational programs in the Pacific Rim area.
Its key objectives were: 1) to identify key educational needs for specific regions in the Pacific Rim; 2) to identify what might be optimal delivery mechanisms for archival education in different communities and settings; and 3) to develop a set of recommendations for existing programs to ensure that they better address the diverse needs of a student base that may be drawn from across the Pacific Rim, as well as local indigenous and ethnic communities
US Team Co-Directors: Philip Eppard, SUNY ALbany; Anne Gilliland, UCLA
InterPARES 1 & 2, 1996-2007 were the first two in a series of three multidisciplinary, international projects in which archival scholars, computer engineering scholars, national archival institutions and private industry representatives collaborated to develop the theoretical and methodological knowledge required for the permanent preservation of authentic records created in electronic systems. It was succeeded by the InterPARES Trust.
Principal Funder: The National Science Foundation, 2005-2007
Project personnel: Sharon Traweek, Department of History, UCLA, PI; Anne Gilliland, Department of Information Studies, UCLA, co-PI
This project built upon the work of a group of scientists from the US, including UCLA, who have been actively engaged with Japanese colleagues in the organization of multiple projects for several decades, including the design and conduct of experiments at KEK (Japan's National High Energy Accelerator Organization). The goal of the project was to collect oral histories from crucial global cohorts of high energy physicists, and preserve and make them available within a digital archive developed at KEK and UCLA. Collecting oral histories of cohorts who have worked together on specific projects or who have been members of an active network of colleagues provides a significant contribution to our understanding of how such global cohorts and networks have participated in the development of this distributed, but cohesive international community of scientists.
Principal Funders: UCLA Academic Senate, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)' Information Society Program
Project personnel: Jean-François Blanchette, Department of Information Studies, UCLA, PI; Bruno Bachimont, Université Technologique de Compiègne, Scientific Manager, Institut National d'Audiovisuel
This project's approach to the problem of preserving digital objects such as videogames was founded on a theory that envisions the archival process as composed of two fundamental elements: on the one hand, the transmission of the physical object proper; on the other hand, the transmission of the interpretive tradition associated with the object. That is, the long-term preservation of any cultural work involves, in effect, the development and transmission of an associated interpretive tradition, against the progressive decontextualization of the work affected by the passage of time. As no object is ever self-intelligible, preservation implies that the object be repeatedly “read”, that is made accessible to collective memory through the interpretive tradition associated with that object. The continuous performance (reading) of any cultural work is made possible by the dynamic exchange between the technical choices inherent in any preservation method and the interpretative tradition that makes that work intelligible.
Through prior funding from the CNRS, we developed a preservation tool for France’s IRCAM for electronic music performances. This project sought to extend that tool to the preservation of other digital objects, beginning with videogames, a culturally rich digital object and thus, legitimate object of cultural preservation. Videogames have no associated tradition of abstraction, that is, the best that can be done is to (a) keep the original machine and original software or (b) keep the software and emulate the machine).
Principal Funder: CNRS
MUSTICA, is an international collaboration of information scientists, musicologists and archivists was established to research issues of digital music preservation. MUSTICA involves researchers at two French organizations, the Groupe de Recherches Musicales (GRM), a research center within the Institut National de l'Audiovisuel (INA), and the Institut de Recherche et Coordination Acoustique/Musique (IRCAM), the University of British Columbia, and the University of California, Los Angeles (Jean-François Blanchette and Anne Gilliland). MUSTICA is supported by the French Centre Nationale de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) through its "Archivage et Patrimoine Documentaire" funding initiative.
Principal Funder: Institute of Museum and Library Services
Personnel: MOAC staff; Anne Gilliland, Department of Information Studies, UCLA; Layna White, Hammer Museum, UCLA
The Museums and the Online Archive of California II User Evaluation (MOAC II), 2004-2006 examined digital museum content for use in education and research. MOAC II advanced MOAC (1998-2004), a major collaboration involving integration of collection descriptions and images using community-based standards. MOAC was the museum component of the Online Archive of California (OAC).
Principal Funder: The Australian Research Council
Project personnel: A joint research project involving the Records Continuum Research Group at Monash University, the National Archives of Australia
(NAA), the State Records Authority of New South Wales (SR NSW) and the Australian Society of Archivist’s Committee on Descriptive Standards (ASA CDS); Anne Gilliland, UCLA
The Clever Recordkeeping Metadata Project, 2003-2006, addressed issues in the implementation of recordkeeping metadata standards: "tools for automatic metadata creation are inadequate, and current systems environments generally do not support the sharing of metadata between business systems for multiple purposes."
The projects developed "a proof of concept prototype to demonstrate how standards-compliant metadata can be created once in particular application environments, then used many times to meet a range of business purposes. The prototype will be implemented in a test-bed site to provide a model for best practice."
Principal Funder: The National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC).
Project Personnel: Anne Gilliland, PI
The IT&PC project addressed the need to broaden the base and increase the level of archival expertise in the area of electronic records, as well as the need to increase the basic knowledge of archivists and related professionals about the challenges and opportunities that information technology poses and the initiatives attempting to address them.